The cost of caring during recent epidemics: a rapid review of risk factors, psychological manifestations, and strategies for its treatment. Running head: The cost of caring during pandemics

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Abstract

Background. During pandemics, Healthcare Workers (HCWs) are particularly exposed to the risk of secondary trauma. If not effectively addressed, the consequences of such psychological distress can progress to more severe conditions.

Methods. A systematic search of several databases on the effect of SARS, MERS, and COVID-19 pandemics on the mental health of HCWs was performed according to both the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and the WHO Rapid Review Guide for Health Policy and Systems Research.

Results. The 77 reviewed studies highlighted that work organization and individual characteristics can add to mental health risk. Providing adequate training to prevent infection and prepare HCWs to handle the epidemic, strengthening team work to improve organization, and ensuring appropriate protective equipment is available can help prevent the risk of psychiatric illness.

Conclusions. Monitoring and addressing through tailored interventions the mental health consequences of pandemics in HCWs is necessary.

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Authors

Maria Ferrara - Yale School of Medicine Department of Psychiatry https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2143-1101

Melissa C Funaro - Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library, Yale University, 333 Cedar St., New Haven, CT 06520-8014

Francesca Vacca - Dipartimento di Salute Mentale e Dipendenze Patologiche, Viale Muratori 201, 41100 AUSL Modena, Modena, Italy

Federica Kusmann - Dipartimento di Salute Mentale e Dipendenze Patologiche, Viale Muratori 201, 41100 AUSL Modena, Modena, Italy

Enrico Tedeschini - Dipartimento di Salute Mentale e Dipendenze Patologiche, Viale Muratori 201, 41100 AUSL Modena, Modena, Italy

GianMaria Galeazzi - 1. Dipartimento di Salute Mentale e Dipendenze Patologiche, Viale Muratori 201, 41100 AUSL Modena, Modena, Italy 2. Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Metaboliche e Neuroscienze, Universitá degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Viale G. Campi 287, 41125 Modena, Italy

Maria Luisa Scattoni - 1. Research Coordination and Support Service, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena, 299, 00161 Rome, Italy.

Fabrizio Starace - 1. Dipartimento di Salute Mentale e Dipendenze Patologiche, Viale Muratori 201, 41100 AUSL Modena, Modena, Italy

How to Cite
Ferrara, M., Funaro, M. C., Vacca, F., Kusmann, F., Tedeschini, E., Galeazzi, G., Scattoni, M. L., & Starace, F. (2021). The cost of caring during recent epidemics: a rapid review of risk factors, psychological manifestations, and strategies for its treatment. Running head: The cost of caring during pandemics. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 57(1), 1-7. Retrieved from https://annali.iss.it/index.php/anna/article/view/1196
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