The complex and constantly evolving public health threat of new psychoactive substances in Italy: addressing the main functions of a national observatory of drugs

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Abstract

At the end of the 90s in Europe, the new psychoactive substances (NPS) phenomenon was limited to a small number of molecules traded as “legal” replacements for controlled drugs. NPS were mostly circulating in rave parties and electronic music festivals. The globalization, the evolution of e-commerce and the growing popularity of NPS, facilitated the development of a wide illegal market in constant expansion. The dynamic nature of this phenomenon has led to an evolution in the prevention and monitoring of NPS trafficking within the European Union. The European legislative system has been amended with the aim of creating a faster and more effective regulatory system to tackle NPS diffusion and ban their sale and circulation. At the end of 2008, in compliance with the European Council Decision 2005/387/JHA, the Anti-Drug Policies Department of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers activated the National Early Warning System to promote a rapid exchange of information on NPS between Italy and the EU.

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Authors

Silvia Graziano - Istituto Superiore di Sanità

Simona Zaami - Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic, and Orthopedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Roberta Tittarelli - Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic, and Orthopedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Simona Pichini - National Centre on Addiction and Doping, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Michele Sciotti - National Centre on Addiction and Doping, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Paolo Berretta - National Centre on Addiction and Doping, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Francesco Paolo Busardò - Department of Excellence-Biomedical Sciences and Public Health, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy

Enrico Marinelli - Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic, and Orthopedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Anastasio Tini - Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic, and Orthopedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Giulia Scaravaggi - Pavia Poison Centre, National Toxicology Information Centre, Laboratory of Clinical & Experimental Toxicology, Toxicology Unit, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy

Eleonora Buscaglia - Pavia Poison Centre, National Toxicology Information Centre, Laboratory of Clinical & Experimental Toxicology, Toxicology Unit, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy

Elena Brambilla - Pavia Poison Centre, National Toxicology Information Centre, Laboratory of Clinical & Experimental Toxicology, Toxicology Unit, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Pavia, Italy

Marco Cavallo - Direzione Centrale per i Servizi Antidroga, Department of Public Security, Rome, Italy

Carlo Alessandro Locatelli

Roberta Pacifici - National Centre on Addiction and Doping, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Maria Rosaria Varì - National Centre on Addiction and Doping, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

How to Cite
Graziano, S., Zaami, S., Tittarelli, R. ., Pichini, S., Sciotti, M., Berretta, P., Busardò, F. P., Marinelli, E., Tini, A., Scaravaggi, G., Buscaglia, E., Brambilla, E., Cavallo, M., Locatelli, C. A., Pacifici, R., & Varì, M. R. (2021). The complex and constantly evolving public health threat of new psychoactive substances in Italy: addressing the main functions of a national observatory of drugs. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 57(2), 144-150. Retrieved from https://annali.iss.it/index.php/anna/article/view/1290
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