The healthcare professionals’ support towards organ donation. An analysis of current practices, predictors, and consent rates in Apulian hospitals

Authors

Abstract

Introduction. The paper investigates the critical care staff’s support towards organ donation by analysing how their attitude, knowledge, confidence, engagement, and training can act as predictors of donation consent rates. Our study focused on hospitals in the Apulia Region, Italy.
Material and methods. The study employs a quantitative methodology based on a survey of healthcare professionals. The rate of consent to organ and tissue donation at the hospital level, given as a ratio of the permissions received to the proposals performed, was extracted from GEDON software related to the year 2019 report. For each Apulian participating hospital, we calculated a median score for each of the five predictors (namely, attitude, knowledge, confidence, engagement, and training) and investigated the association with hospital consent rates.
Results. The results highlight that the engagement of the intensive care units’ healthcare personnel stands as the only influential predictor of the consent rate.
Discussion. In Italy’s Apulia Region, efforts are needed to increase consent rates for organ donation. Strategies should concentrate on continuous support, as well as specific training of hospital staff involved in the donation process.

Share on

Downloads

Authors

Federico Ruta - Unitorvergata

Chiara Musajo Somma - Apulia Regional Transplant Coordination Center, “Policlinico” University Hospital, Bari, Italy

Maura Lusignani - Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy

Giuseppe Vitobello - Asl Bt, L. Bonomo Hospital, Andria, Apulia Region Italy

Loreto Gesualdo - Department of Emergency and Organ Transplantation, Aldo Moro University, Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation Unit, “Policlinico” University Hospital, Bari, Italy

Francesca Dal Mas - Department of Management, Lincoln International Business School, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, UK

Andrea Peloso - Hepatology and Transplantation Laboratory, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. Divisions of Abdominal and Transplantation Surgery, Department of Surgery, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland

Lorenzo Cobianchi - Department of General Surgery, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy. Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic & Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy

How to Cite
Ruta, F., Musajo Somma, C., Lusignani, M., Vitobello, G., Gesualdo, L., Dal Mas, F., Peloso, A., & Cobianchi, L. (2021). The healthcare professionals’ support towards organ donation. An analysis of current practices, predictors, and consent rates in Apulian hospitals. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 57(4), 291-299. Retrieved from https://annali.iss.it/index.php/anna/article/view/1387
  • Abstract viewed - 178 times