Knowledge and attitudes towards Zika virus: An Italian nation-wide cross-sectional study

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Abstract

Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arthropod-borne virus transmitted through infected mosquitos. The aim of this Italian nation-wide study was to evaluate general population’s knowledge and attitudes towards ZIKV, its transmission, and travel-related preventive measures.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between July and August 2017, through a validated questionnaire. Predictors of knowledge were analysed through multivariate regression.

Results: Among 1119 respondents, 20% and 71% knew etiological agent and transmission route of ZIKV infection, respectively. Approximately 43% ignored the preventive measures to be taken after returning from endemic areas. At multivariate analysis, predictors of poor knowledge were age, living in Central or South Italy and Islands, being poorly educated, having never heard of or attended a travel clinic.

Conclusions: This study captures an overall poor knowledge of Zika among general public. This research highlights the need of designing and implementing measures to improve travellers’ awareness and protection against ZIKV.

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Authors

Vincenza Gianfredi - School of Medicine, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy

Daniele Nucci - Nutritional Support Unit, Veneto Institute of Oncology IOV-IRCCS, Padua, Italy

Flavia Pennisi - School of Medicine, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy

Sandro Provenzano - Local Health Unit of Trapani (ASP Trapani), Trapani, Italy

Pietro Ferrara - University of Milan - Bicocca

Omar Enzo Santangelo - Regional Health Care and Social Agency of Lodi (ASST Lodi), Lodi, Italy

How to Cite
Gianfredi, V., Nucci, D., Pennisi, F., Provenzano, S., Ferrara, P., & Santangelo, O. E. (2022). Knowledge and attitudes towards Zika virus: An Italian nation-wide cross-sectional study. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 58(1). Retrieved from https://annali.iss.it/index.php/anna/article/view/1438
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