In Italy, foodborne botulism is a rare disease mainly due to home-preserved food. In
the case reported here, clinical diagnosis was performed on the basis of clinical signs
and referred consumption of home-preserved turnip tops in oil. Definitive diagnosis was
performed by detection of botulinum toxin in sera and neuro-toxigenic organisms in
stools and leftover food. This case report highlights the need of a high medical awareness,
prompt clinical diagnosis, and synergic collaboration among the health authorities for a
correct management of botulism as well as disease containment.