Architecture of the health system as an enabler of better wellbeing



Introduction. Health systems worldwide have heterogenous capacities and financing
characteristics. No clear empirical evidence is available on the possible outcomes of these characteristics for population wellbeing.
Aim. The study aims to provide empirical insight into health policy alternatives to support
the development of health system architecture to improve population wellbeing.
Method and results. We developed an unsupervised neural network model to cluster countries and used the Human Development Index to derive a wellbeing model. The results show that no single health system architecture is associated with a higher level of population wellbeing. Strikingly, high levels of health expenditure and physical health capacity do not guarantee a high level of population wellbeing and different health systems correspond to a certain wellbeing level.
Conclusions. Our analysis shows that alternative options exist for some health system characteristics. These can be considered by governments developing health policy priorities.

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Timotej Jagrič - Institute of Finance and Artificial Intelligence, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor, Department of Finance, Maribor, Slovenia

Štefan Bojnec - Department of Economics, Faculty of Management, University of Primorska

Christine Brown - World Health Organization, European Office for Investment and Health and Development

Vita Jagrič - Institute of Finance and Artificial Intelligence, University of Maribor, Faculty of Economics and Business

How to Cite
Jagrič, T., Bojnec, Štefan, Brown, C. ., & Jagrič, V. (2023). Architecture of the health system as an enabler of better wellbeing. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 59(2), 149–158.
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