Effectiveness of different local actions to control vitamin D prescription in Italy



Introduction. In the last decade, the significant expenditure and consumption increase of vitamin D in Italy led some regions to adopt strategies to improve prescribing appropriateness and contain expenditure.
Materials and methods. Using the statistical analysis method of interrupted time series for consumption and expenditure of cholecalciferol, different types of interventions adopted in four Italian regions and their efficacy were evaluated.
Results. Molise achieved the best results by adopting a health professionals’ education program in addition to a prescriber-sanction system. Emilia-Romagna also opted for a medical education strategy, but the results were less relevant due to the lack of penalties.
Lazio obtained a slowdown in consumption growth by targeting on the utilization of lower-cost per defined daily dose (DDD) packs and adopting a therapeutic plan. Sardinia showed a decrease in expenditure by adopting a target threshold of lower-cost  formulation.
Conclusion. The reimbursement of the lowest-cost packs within the National Health Service (NHS) undoubtedly influences spending trend, but it does not solve prescriptive  inappropriateness.

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Guerrizio Maria Alessandra - Italian Medicine Agency

Zito Simona - Italian Medicine Agency

Mammarella Federica - Geriatrics Department, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS, Roma, Italia

Frulio Ramon - Italian Medicine Agency

Trotta Maria Paola - Italian Medicine Agency

Da Cas Roberto - National Centre for Drug and Evaluation, National Institute of Health

Maestri Emilio - Azienda USL – IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Italy

Trotta Francesco - Italian Medicine Agency

How to Cite
Maria Alessandra, G., Simona, Z., Federica, M., Ramon, F., Maria Paola, T., Roberto, D. C., … Francesco, T. (2023). Effectiveness of different local actions to control vitamin D prescription in Italy. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 59(4), 271–279. https://doi.org/10.4415/ANN_23_04_06
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