Smoking intensity changes during the COVID-19 pandemic waves in a cohort of smokers in Italy

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Abstract

Introduction. COVID-19 lockdown in Italy resulted in increased smoking consumption, mainly associated with mental distress. This study aims to update previous findings investigating changes in smoking intensity during the whole COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods. This analysis was carried out within the “LOST IN ITALY” (“LOckdown and lifeSTyle IN ITALY”) and “LOST IN TOSCANA” studies on 880 smokers with information collected during main pandemic peaks. Changes in cigarettes/day were investigated in association with survey-periods, socio-demographic and psychological characteristics through a linear mixed-model.
Results. Net of psychological distress and socio-demographic variables, in comparison to pre-pandemic period cigarettes/day increased by 1.16 during lockdown, and remained over half higher subsequently. In the overall period, an increase of >1 cigarette/day was also associated to lower education, older age, male gender and psychotropics drugs use.
Conclusions. After 2 years of pandemic, cigarettes/day have not yet returned to the prepandemic
levels, mainly due to socio-demographic factors, but also to nicotine addiction, that tends to stabilize consumption.

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Authors

Giulia Carreras - Oncologic network, prevention and research institute (ISPRO)

Filippo Monti - Oncologic Network, Prevention and Research Institute (ISPRO)

Alessandra Lugo - Department of Medical Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS

Silvano Gallus - Department of Medical Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS

Chiara Stival - Department of Medical Epidemiology, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri IRCCS

Sabrina Molinaro - National Research Council (CNR), Institute of Clinical Physiology (IFC)

Sonia Cerrai - National Research Council (CNR), Institute of Clinical Physiology (IFC)

Anna Odone - University of Pavia, Department of Public Health

Luisa Mastrobattista - Istituto Superiore di Sanità

Claudia Mortali - Istituto Superiore di Sanità

Giuseppe Gorini - Oncologic Network, Prevention and Research Institute (ISPRO)

LOST IN TOSCANA Study Investigators

How to Cite
Carreras, G., Monti, F., Lugo, A., Gallus, S., Stival, C., Molinaro, S., … Study Investigators, L. I. T. . (2023). Smoking intensity changes during the COVID-19 pandemic waves in a cohort of smokers in Italy. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 59(3), 219–222. https://doi.org/10.4415/ANN_23_03_08
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