Risk factors for dysmenorrhea among young adult female university students

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Abstract

Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate associated risk factors for dysmenorrhea in a sample of Serbian university students. Methods. A case-control study was conducted among undergraduate students (n = 288) attending lectures during 2014/2015 academic year at the Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac. Results. The only significant associations were between dysmenorrhea and age at menarche (OR adjusted = 0.74; 95% CI 0.58-0.95; p = 0.017), family history of dysmenorrhea (OR adjusted = 3.39; 95% CI 1.74-6.63; p = 0.000), duration of menstrual flow (OR adjusted = 1.52; 95% CI 1.16-1.99; p = 0.002) and smoking at least one cigarette a day (OR adjusted = 5.09; 95% CI 1.83-14.15; p = 0.002). The factors associated with dysmenorrhea were not interacting with each other. Conclusion. Our results suggest that earlier age at menarche, longer duration of menstrual flow, prior family history of dysmenorrhea and smoking at least one cigarette a day are important risk factors associated with dysmenorrhea. Smoking cessation should be strongly encouraged.

 

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Authors

Ana Pejčić - Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac

Slobodan Janković - Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac

How to Cite
Pejčić, A., & Janković, S. (2016). Risk factors for dysmenorrhea among young adult female university students. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 52(1), 98-103. Retrieved from https://annali.iss.it/index.php/anna/article/view/167
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