Dementia is one of the most disabling health conditions in older people. Increasing attention is paid to the preclinical phase of dementia and to the prevention programs to reduce the number of patients in the future.
Aims of the current study are: a) to elucidate the relationships between the concepts of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), and Cognitive Frailty (CF), in the light of the more recent literature and b) to present a model, called "Camminando e leggendo…ricordo" (CLR), as a practical experience of secondary prevention aimed at MCI older people.
The CLR model is composed of a program of physical and reading activities in group to promote healthy lifestyles. Here we present a protocol to evaluate the effectiveness of our intervention model. A multidimensional geriatric assessment will be carried out. A questionnaire for the detection of frailty, disability and for the adherence to the Mediterranean diet will be administered. The Psychological General Well-Being Index (PGWBI) will be used to assess the quality of life.
CLR is an intervention model for secondary prevention in MCI subjects. It is the description of a practical proposal aimed at improving lifestyles and reducing the risk of dementia.