Illicit drugs in Emergency Department patients injured in road traffic accidents

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Abstract

Urine and blood samples from 1730 drivers involved in road accidents (July 2012- December 2015) were analyzed for the evaluation of driving under influence of drug of abuse according to the Lombardia Region guideline. The 22.5 % of urine screenings tested positive for at least one class of drugs. 10.6% of the 1730 drivers were under the influence of drug, being blood concentration above the cut-off limit for at least one active substance; the prevalence of illicit drugs in blood was cocaine (5.7 %), cannabinoids (3.7 %), opiates (1.4 %), methadone (1.4 %), amphetamines (0.2 %). Trend in prevalence showed similar percentage (about 5 %) of cocaine and cannabinoids consumption in the last two years. Poly-drug of abuse consumption emerged in the 10.4 % of the positive blood and alcohol was above the legal limit in 47 % of the subjects driving under the influence of drugs.

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Authors

Pietro Papa - Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo Pavia Laboratorio di Tossicologia Analitica

Loretta Rocchi - Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteoo-Pavia Laboratorio Tossicologia Analitica

Laura Maria Rolandi - Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo-Pavia Laboratorio Tossicologia Analitica

Marcello Di Tuccio - Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo-Pavia Laboratorio Tossicologia Analitica

Marco Biffi - Azienda Ospedaliera Treviglio Laboratorio di Chimica Clinica

Antonella Valli - Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo-Pavia Laboratorio Tossicologia Analitica

How to Cite
Papa, P., Rocchi, L., Rolandi, L. M., Di Tuccio, M., Biffi, M., & Valli, A. (2017). Illicit drugs in Emergency Department patients injured in road traffic accidents. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 53(1), 35-39. Retrieved from https://annali.iss.it/index.php/anna/article/view/386
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