Climate change and occupational, allergies: an overview on biological, pollution, exposure and prevention

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Abstract

Introduction. Climate change, air pollution, temperature increase and other environmental variables are modifying air quality, contributing to the increase of prevalence of allergic respiratory diseases. Allergies are complex diseases characterized by multilevel interactions between individual susceptibility, response to immune modulation and environmental exposures to physical, chemical and biological agents. Occupational allergies introduce a further complexity to these relationships by adding occupational exposure to both the indoor and outdoor ones in the living environment. Objective. The aim of this paper is to overview climate-related allergy affecting environmental and occupational health, as literature data are scanty in this regard, and to suggest a management model of this risk based on a multidisciplinary approach, taking the case of biological pollution, with details on exposure and prevention. Conclusions. The management of climate-related occupational allergy should take into account preventive health strategies, environmental, public and occupational interventions, as well as to develop, implement, evaluate, and improve guidelines and standards protecting workers health under changing climatic conditions; new tools and strategies

based on local conditions will have to be developed. Experimental studies and acquisition

of environmental and personal data have to be matched to derive useful information

for the scope of occupational health and safety.

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Authors

Maria Concetta D’Ovidio

Isabella Annesi-Maesano

Gennaro D’Amato

Lorenzo Cecchi

How to Cite
D’Ovidio, M. C., Annesi-Maesano, I., D’Amato, G., & Cecchi, L. (2016). Climate change and occupational, allergies: an overview on biological, pollution, exposure and prevention. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 52(3), 406-414. Retrieved from https://annali.iss.it/index.php/anna/article/view/479
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