A survey on lifestyle and level of biomarkers of environmental exposure in residents in Civitavecchia (Italy)

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Abstract

Background. The assessment of individual exposure to toxicants in industrially contaminated areas is difficult when multiple productions are active close to residential areas. Two thermoelectric power plants and a large harbor have been operating since the ’60s in the area of Civitavecchia (North of Rome). Methods. The ABC (Ambiente e Biomonitoraggio nell’area di Civitavecchia, Environment and Biomonitoring in Civitavecchia) program involved, in the period 2013-2014, residents in Civitavecchia and in the nearby municipalities (Santa Marinella, Allumiere, Tolfa and Tarquinia). They were randomly selected from the Municipal Register’s data and their residence addresses were geocoded using GIS techniques. Biomonitoring of the following urinary metals, Sb, Be, Mo, Cd, Sn, W, Ir, Pt, Hg, Tl, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Rh, Pd, As were performed. Glucose and lipid metabolism, liver, renal, and endocrine function were evaluated through blood laboratory tests. Tests of lung function were also carried out as well as saturometry (oxygen rate in the blood with an illuminated sensor placed on the fingertip), anthropometric and blood pressure measurements. Information on individual characteristics, histories of exposure, such as the consumption of local food, occupational history, lifestyle and medical history were collected through a validated questionnaire. Samples of nails and hair were also collected. The biological material (blood, urine, nails and hair) was stored in a biobank for future analysis related to the possible mechanisms of biological damage. The study protocol received the approval of the local ethics committee. Results. A total of 1177 residents were enrolled (58% female, 60% with a secondary or graduate school degree). No particular differences in metal concentrations based on the municipality of residence were observed. For arsenic, mercury, lead, and tungsten some differences between the two geographical areas were observed, probably due to different diet, lifestyle (e.g., alcohol consumption, smoking, use of jewelry and piercings, tattoos, physical activity, hormonal and mineral supplements, and drugs), and occupational exposure. Conclusions. The undergoing study on the association between biomarkers concentration and pollutants concentrations − estimated using a dispersion modeling approach, and adjusting for personal characteristics and concomitant other environmental exposure − could clarify the individual exposure of the residents in this industrial area.

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Authors

Carla Ancona

Lisa Bauleo

Giovanni Biscotti

Beatrice Bocca

Stefano Caimi

Fabio Cruciani

Sabrina Di Lorenzo

Morena Petrolati

Anna Pino

Giovanna Piras

Piras Pizzabiocca

Silvia Rabbiosi

Flavia Ruggieri

Chelo Salatino

Alessandro Alimonti

Francesco Forastiere

ABC Study Group

How to Cite
Ancona, C., Bauleo, L., Biscotti, G., Bocca, B., Caimi, S., Cruciani, F., Di Lorenzo, S., Petrolati, M., Pino, A., Piras, G., Pizzabiocca, P., Rabbiosi, S., Ruggieri, F., Salatino, C., Alimonti, A., Forastiere, F., & Study Group, A. (2017). A survey on lifestyle and level of biomarkers of environmental exposure in residents in Civitavecchia (Italy). Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 52(4), 488-494. Retrieved from https://annali.iss.it/index.php/anna/article/view/517
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