Immigration is a growing flow in Italy. Also specific health needs could be imported. We focused on cancer. A systematic search for literature in PubMed was performed on 10th March 2016, limited to articles published between 1st March 1996 and 1st March 2016. Papers were reviewed focusing on: specific risks, prevention and care. Cancer incidence is generally lower for immigrants than for natives, also for the health immigrant effect. However, cancers with an infective etiology may have, among some groups of immigrants, a great relevance. Primary or secondary cancer prevention could be greatly improved among immigrants. Moreover, another specific aspect of immigration is at seeking cancer care for children. Specific preventive strategies should be customized for immigrants to get higher compliance, e.g. for those at high risk for cervical cancers. Moreover, the capability of the Italian health system to cope more comprehensively with sick immigrated children and their families should be improved.