Highly-integrated programs for the prevention of obesity and overweight in children and adolescent: results from a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Background: Since overweight and obesity has become epidemic in children and adolescent, the aim of this study was to determine the role of highly-integrated programs in preventing and reducing prevalence of children and adolescent obesity and overweight. Methods: A systematic review of literature and a meta-analysis was conducted. Results: According to PRISMA guidelines, we identified 23 studies describing 14 programs. For 11 out of 14 programs, obese/overweight prevalence changing from baseline were definable and meta-analysis of them showed a significant change of obese/overweight prevalence (-0.03; 95% CI = -0.04 to -0.01; P < 0.0001). Secondary outcomes as dietary (such as vegetable intake, carbonated beverages, fruit juice, drinks, healthful food consumption), physical activity and TV-time-spent was analyzed in many of the studies to define community readiness and behavioral changes. Macro-interventions, based on what was observed in our systematic review have a high potential to reach the entire population. Conclusion: Adoption of coordinated cross-sectoral, multi-component and multi-stakeholder initiatives to oppose obesity remains a challenge, but it is also desirable as one of the possible solutions to this major public health issue.

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Authors

Maria Luisa Specchia

Andrea Barbara - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Paolo Campanella

Paolo Parente

Valerio Mogini

Walter Ricciardi

Gianfranco Mariani

How to Cite
Specchia, M. L., Barbara, A., Campanella, P., Parente, P., Mogini, V., Ricciardi, W., & Mariani, G. (2018). Highly-integrated programs for the prevention of obesity and overweight in children and adolescent: results from a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 54(4), 332-339. Retrieved from https://annali.iss.it/index.php/anna/article/view/654
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