The aim of this study is to carry out an investigation to evaluate the industrial area of
Porto Marghera (the only Site of National Interest – SNI – for clearance operations in
the Veneto region) by means of data from the Venetian Epidemiological Surveillance
System (SEIVE – Sistema Epidemiologico Integrato di Venezia). In particular, the aim
is to assess the extent at which chronic exposure to industrial pollutants contributes to
the genesis of non-communicable diseases such as tumors. We have employed healthcare
administrative databases to analyze health conditions of the population residing
in the area of Marghera, separately from the rest of the mainland. The results obtained
highlight a series of critical problems concerning the population residing in Marghera.
These issues, such as an excess in the overall cancer mortality rate, have been observed
in both genders, as well as in the lung cancer incidence and mortality rate. In addition,
we detected an increase in mortality for respiratory diseases only in the male population.