Mortality in an Italian cohort of former asbestos cement workers

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Abstract

Background. A pooled study on Italian asbestos cement plant cohorts observed mortality risk for asbestos-related diseases. This study analysed the mortality of workers cohort of an asbestos cement plant in Syracuse, Italy.
Methods. Workers’ vital status and causes of death, during 1970-2018, were identified in regional health databases. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) by sex and temporal variables were calculated.
Results. Of the 900 cohort’s subjects (636 men, 259 women, 5 unknown sex), for 867 the vital ascertainment was possible: 505 died during study period. All-cause mortality  is similarly to the expected among men and lower among women. Pleural and lung malignant neoplasms (MN) exceeded in men (SMR=27.1, SMR=1.95), retroperitoneal and  peritoneal MN in both sexes, no cases of larynx MN were observed. Mortality excess   for ovarian MN (SMR=1.5) and asbestosis in both sexes (men: SMR=431.9, women: SMR=116.6) were found.
Conclusions. Exceeding mortality from asbestos-related diseases, particularly in men was highlighted.

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Authors

Amerigo Zona - Enviroment and Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Caterina Bruno - Environment and Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy, retired

Achille Cernigliaro - Complex Unit of Clinical Pathology, Department of Radiological Sciences and Services, Sant'Antonio Abate Hospital, Health Authority, Trapani Province, Trapani, Italy

Marco De Santis - Enviroment and Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Salvatore Scondotto - Department of Health Services and Epidemiological Observatory, Health Authority, Sicily Region, Palermo, Italy

Lucia Fazzo - Enviroment and Health Department, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

How to Cite
Zona, A., Bruno, C., Cernigliaro, A., De Santis, M., Scondotto, S., & Fazzo, L. (2024). Mortality in an Italian cohort of former asbestos cement workers. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore Di Sanità, 60(2), 118–125. https://doi.org/10.4415/ANN_24_02_06
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